The thyroid (pronounced: THY-royd), located in the front part of the lower neck, is shaped like a bow tie or butterfly and produces the thyroid hormones thyroxine (pronounced: thy-RAHK-sin) and triiodothyronine (pronounced: try-eye-oh-doe-THY-ruh-neen).

These hormones control the rate at which cells burn fuels from food to produce energy.

The production and release of thyroid hormones is controlled by thyrotropin (pronounced: thy-ruh-TRO-pin), which is secreted by the pituitary gland.

The more thyroid hormone there is in a person’s bloodstream, the faster chemical reactions occur in the body.
Why are thyroid hormones so important? There are several reasons — for example, they help kids’ and teens’ bones grow and develop, and they also play a role in the development of the brain and nervous system in kids. Parathyroids
Attached to the thyroid are four tiny glands that function together called the parathyroids (pronounced: par-uh-THY-roydz). They release parathyroid hormone, which regulates the level of calcium in the blood with the help of calcitonin (pronounced: kal-suh-TOE-nin), which is produced in the thyroid.

How Your Thyroid Works

Excerpted from The Harvard Medical School Guide to Overcoming Thyroid Problems by Dr. Jeffrey R. Garber, published by McGraw-Hill.

Think of your thyroid as a car engine that sets the pace at which your body operates. An engine produces the required amount of energy for a car to move at a certain speed. In the same way, your thyroid gland manufactures enough thyroid hormone to prompt your cells to perform a function at a certain rate.

Just as a car can’t produce energy without gas, your thyroid needs fuel to produce thyroid hormone. This fuel is iodine. Iodine comes from your diet and is found in iodized table salt, seafood, bread and milk. Your thyroid extracts this necessary ingredient from your bloodstream and uses it to make two kinds of thyroid hormone: thyroxine, also called T4 because it contains four iodine atoms, and triiodothyronine, or T3, which contains three iodine atoms. T3 is made from T4 when one atom is removed, a conversion that occurs mostly outside the thyroid in organs and tissues where T3 is used the most, such as the liver, the kidneys and the brain.

Once T4 is produced, it is stored within the thyroid’s vast number of microscopic follicles. Some T3 is also produced and stored in the thyroid. When your body needs thyroid hormone, it is secreted into your bloodstream in quantities set to meet the metabolic needs of your cells. The hormone easily slips into the cells in need and attaches to special receptors located in the cells’ nuclei.


Your car engine produces energy, but you tell it how fast to go by stepping on the accelerator. The thyroid also needs some direction; it gets this from your pituitary gland, which is located at the base of your brain. No larger than a pea, the pituitary gland is sometimes known as the “master gland” because it controls the functions of the thyroid and the other glands that make up the endocrine system. Your pituitary gland sends messages to your thyroid gland, telling it how much thyroid hormone to make. These messages come in the form of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).

TSH levels in your bloodstream rise or fall depending on whether enough thyroid hormone is produced to meet your body’s needs. Higher levels of TSH prompt the thyroid to produce more thyroid hormone. Conversely, low TSH levels signal the thyroid to slow down production.

The pituitary gland gets its information in several ways. It is able to read and respond directly to the amounts of T4 circulating in the blood, but it also responds to the hypothalamus, which is a section of the brain that releases its own hormone, thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH). TRH stimulates TSH production in the pituitary gland. This network of communication between the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland, and the thyroid gland is referred to as the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis (HPT axis). http://www.thyroidawareness.com/about-your-thyroid

When Things Go Wrong

The HPT axis is a highly efficient network of communication. Normally, the thyroid doles out just the right amount of hormone to keep your body running smoothly. TSH levels remain fairly constant, yet they respond to the slightest changes in T4 levels and vice versa. But even the best networks are subject to interference.

When outside influences such as disease, damage to the thyroid or certain medicines break down communication, your thyroid might not produce enough hormone. This would slow down all of your body’s functions, a condition known as hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid. Your thyroid could also produce too much hormone sending your systems into overdrive, a condition known as hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid. These two conditions are most often features of an underlying thyroid disease.

The thyroid’s hormones regulate vital body functions, including:
Heart rate
Central and peripheral nervous systems
Body weight
Muscle strength
Menstrual cycles
Body temperature

How common is thyroid disease?

Thyroid disease is more common than diabetes or heart disease. Thyroid disease is a fact of life for as many as 30 million Americans – and more than half of those people remain undiagnosed. Women are five times more likely than men to suffer from hypothyroidism (when the gland is not producing enough thyroid hormone). Aging is just one risk factor for hypothyroidism.

How important is my thyroid in my overall well-being?

The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormone, which controls virtually every cell, tissue and organ in the body. If your thyroid is not functioning properly, it can produce too much thyroid hormone, which causes the body’s systems to speed up (hyperthyroidism); or it can create too little thyroid hormone, which causes the body’s systems to slow down (hypothyroidism).

Untreated thyroid disease may lead to elevated cholesterol levels and subsequent heart disease, as well as infertility and osteoporosis. Research also shows that there is a strong genetic link between thyroid disease and other autoimmune diseases, including types of diabetes, arthritis and anemia. http://www.thyroidawareness.com/about-your-thyroid

If your thyroid gland isn’t working properly, neither are you.


Jupiterimages/Stockbyte/Getty Images by Phylameana lila Desy

The seven chakras are the centers in your body through which energy flows, according to Hindu, Buddhist and Jain beliefs. The other chakras include the root (base of spine), sacral (lower abdomen), solar plexus (upper abdomen), heart, third eye (between eyes), and crown (top of the head).

Take a deeper look at the throat chakra, your fifth chakra, it is also known as your will center and how honestly you express yourself.

Being untruthful violates the physical body and the spiritual component of the whole self.

Choices and Your Throat Chakra

You speak your choices using your voice and your throat. All choices you make can have consequences on an energetic level, either positively or negatively.  

If you choose avoidance and decide not to make a choice, it can also affect the wellbeing of the throat chakra in an adverse way. For example, if you repress your anger and choose to not speak out, it could manifest itself into laryngitis.

You probably have experienced a lump in your throat when you feel stymied or find yourself at a crossroads of not knowing how to speak the right words in any given situation, perhaps even dampening your own emotions.

Honesty and the Throat Chakra

The healthfulness of the throat chakra is signified by how openly and honestly you can express yourself. The biggest challenge affecting the throat chakra is expressing yourself in the most truthful manner.

Ask yourself how honest you are in conveying truthfulness, not only to others, but also to yourself. It might seem odd, but a habitual liar will often begin to believe his own deceptions to some degree. When you present yourself outwardly through speech and demeanor in a false way you are infecting the energy intake and outtake flow of your throat chakra.

Do not lose your authenticity, it can cause the throat chakra to shut down.

The throat chakra is often associated with the thyroid gland in the human endocrine system. This gland is in the neck and produces hormones essential for growth and maturation. Excessive stress, namely fear and fear from speaking out, can affect the throat chakra, and thyroid problems may occur. Singing is a harmless and beneficial way of stimulating the throat chakra, whereas rubbing or hitting the throat area is not and can be harmful.


Due to its proximity to the ears. It is also associated with hearing. The throat chakra governs how we receive and assimilate information.

Throat Chakra At a Glance

Color Sky blue
Sanskrit name Vishuddha
Physical location Throat, neck region
Purposes Learning to take responsibility for one’s own needs
Spiritual lesson Confession, surrender personal will over to divine will, faith, truthfulness over deceit and dishonesty
Physical dysfunctions Laryngitis, voice problems, thyroid condition, gum or tooth issues, TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint disorder)
Mental/emotional issues Personal expression, creativity, addiction, criticism, faith, decision making (choices), will, lack of authority
Attributes Self-knowledge, truth, attitudes, hearing, taste, smell
Area of body governed Throat, thyroid, trachea, neck vertebrae, mouth, teeth, gums, esophagus, parathyroid, hypothalamus, ears
Crystals/gemstones Chrysocola, lapis, blue opal
Flower essences Cosmos, trumpet vine, larch

Heal Your Chakras

If you feel you have damaged your chakras, you have some self-healing to do. You can reform yourself by making positive choices. There are also ways to exercise your chakras and fuel them properly with the right foods.


Anatomy of the Spirit by Caroline Myss

Flower Essence Repertory by Patricia Kaminski and Richard Katz

Hands of Light by Barbara Ann Brennan

Love is in the Earth by Melody